The biofertilizers which prevent the pre dripping of the fruits and flowers aids in enhancing the fertility of the land, they are meant to retain the optimum quality of the soil and have the constituents of biological wastes which don’t have the chemicals infused in them.
And such fertilizers have the microorganisms which are beneficial for the soil and don’t result into any kind of diseases in the crops. It proves that there are no hazardous ingredients in the soil and is the most preferred form of fertilizers because of its natural traits and non-toxicant attributes. The chemical fertilizers whereas results into the exploitation of the soil and degradation of the soil quality level.
The phosphor which releases the phosphorus in clay
Rhizo the bacteria which excretes the nitrogen to the roots of leguminous plants like peas, beans, cloves have the capacity to fixate the nitrogen. And releases approximately 20 to 50 gms of nitrogen per acre per season which means it releases 80% to 90% of the nitrogen to the atmosphere naturally and plays the great role for the dicot plants like red gram, black gram, green gram, oils seeds like a groundnut and soya bean. And increases the efficiency in the production of the plants overall.
Azotobactor, a bio fertilizer which enhances the seed germination, root proliferation, early flowering, and maturity is applied through the seed treatment, spreading to the soil, mixing while preparing compost and in turn instigates vitamin A, phosphorus by excluding the pest. They are nutrient-rich sources of organic matter that breakdowns and slowly feeds the crops and plants make the soil strong and healthy by improving its original state.
The effect of these bio fertilizers is dependent upon a lot of factors like climatic condition, soil type, farming methods, etc. The fertilizer used and method of application plays a crucial role in its productivity. They are easily available, economical and if used in the form of seeds then there are greater chances to improve the fertility of the soil. 20% improvement in wheat, paddy, sugarcane, cotton, potato, sunflowers, and other crops have been observed.
One of the constituents that is added to the soil to boosts up its value, defines soil conditioner. And there are various reasons and need to enhance the quality of the soil which ranges from repairing of damaged soil, maintaining soil quality, regularize the nutritional value, etc.
Now the question arises in our mind is, what do these soil conditioners consist of? They are meagerly the organic matter, which has the compost of animals in it, and in turn, these conditioners provide the great health to the plants. The soil conditioner provides the microorganisms where they protect the quality of the soil.
The Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) one of the process to balance the different types of soil is attained by the properties of the soil conditioner. They bring about the changes to the soil which is required for the nourishment of the plants.
The undaunted benefits to the soil after the conditioning are that it retains the quality of the soil by increasing the airspace and improves the drainage, enhances the aeration, water holding capacity, and nutrients, etc. It is normally assumed that the proper soil has the 50% organic or inorganic material, 25% airspace and 25% water space in it. The conditioners rectify the bad condition of the soil which can be in the form of lots of clay in the soil, rocky soil, soil with high ph or low ph, sandy soil, etc.
Predominantly, the two kinds of soil conditioners are Limestone which adds the calcium and magnesium to the soil whereas the Glauconite adds potassium and magnesium to the soil. The inclusion of these vital nutrients adds the natural glory to the soil which is further observed in the form of greenery and effective vegetation.
There is a huge misconception regarding the importance of fertilizer and soil conditioner. And that is, are these same? Or do they differ, the answer is yes they do have slightly different properties in them. The soil conditioner is vital for the growth of the soil whereas the basic property of the soil is maintained by the fertilizer which boosts the plantation. Thus if the quality of the soil is not maintained the use of fertilizers is not of much use.
Neem, nonetheless the plant which has huge nutritional value derives immense importance. And neem, when converted into oil, can be used for the variant purpose. With constituents like fatty acids (EFA), limonoids, vitamin E, triglycerides, antioxidants, and calcium, it has the intense odor to it. Extremely refreshing and beneficial for the skin, one cannot deny its vitality and significance.
Profoundly known to cure disorders like psoriasis, eczema, treating dry skin, removes wrinkles, stimulate collagen production, reduces scars, heal wounds, treats acne, minimize warts and moles, etc. An ancient natural remedy for the skin and anti-aging treatment, neem oil can be the constituents with the various oils and prove to be equally worthy.
Applying the neem oil to the skin is very easy where the continuous application of it does the wonder. But one must be cautious and check whether they are allergic to the oil or not. Proper recommendation with the doctor to use it may provide the best results.
Neem oil essential and effective for the crops and plants prevents the breaks down of pesticides in the skin, water, soil, and plant and act as the insect repellant. Azadirachtin is one the important element of it which proves to be useful for a lot of purposes. Although consumption of neem oil is evident in our diet due to its usage in crop cultivation, And the disclaimer related to neem oil is that it can never be used for cooking because of its toxic taste. Additionally, it can be irritating for the skin and eyes in most cases. The application of the oil is restricted on the children and pregnant women and can adversely affect the aquatic animals too.
The interesting fact with relation to the neem oil is that if the essential element Azadirachtin is removed from the oil it’s called the clarified hydrophobic neem oil. The oil can be transformed into forms like granules, powders, liquids, etc. and apart from skin and farming with neem oil, it is fruitful for the treatment of dengue, dental issues, home cleaning, handy antiseptic, etc. Moreover, the easy availability, affordability, and naturally present things make it feasible for everyone to use.
Organic fertilizers, chemical-free fertilizers derived from animal manure, human excreta, animal matter, and vegetable matter (e.g. compost and crop residues). And this promotes the organic farming which aids in cultivating the farm in such a manner that it supports in enriching the soil, plants and are beneficial as insects repellants.
This is achieved by avoiding the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and by using the natural products and organism to nurture the soil. Organic products are best for the agricultural lands as they feed the soil by creating a sustainable environment. Healthy soil leads to healthy crops and healthy crops leads to healthy people. So when you farm organically, you do much more than nourishing your plants or crops.
By enriching the agricultural land with organic fertilizers and encouraging the growth naturally it benefits the crops by providing the nutrients in the soil and protects them from the harmful pathogen and pests. High in quality organic fertilizers are the products of natural decomposition and are easy for the crops and plants to digest.
There are an array of organic fertilizers which adds different nutrients and ingredients to the soil for healthy cropping. And herein the types of fertilizer totally depend on the soil and crops that are to be grown on the land.
Fertilizer made from plants contain low to moderate nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium which breaks down quicker than any other organics. Their nutrients quickly become available to the soil for crops to use and provide an extra dose of trace minerals and micronutrients. Plant-based fertilizers include compost, seaweeds extract, hummus, and amino acids.
Animal-based fertilizers includes animal excreta, manure and bone meal and they add a huge amount of nitrogen to the soil. They are best for leafy vegetables and plants in the early weeks of farming.
These fertilizers are used for raising or lowering the pH level when needed for the growth for healthy plant growth and they also add nutrients to the soil. Calcium and Epsom salt are the best organic fertilizers.
Neem cake, a byproduct obtained from the de-oiled residue of neem kernels. These kernels are good organic manure for agriculture which protects the plants and crops from fungus and pests. Nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous are the nutrients available in the kernels which constitute high-level Azadirachtin which helps the crops against parasitic nematodes.
Neem cakes serve as the best soil conditioner and used in agriculture, horticulture, floriculture and turf industry as an organic fertilizer as well as a natural nematicide. Neem cake composes various micro and macronutrients which makes it an organic fertilizer to control soil based on pathogens and nematodes at the same time.
Neem cakes also control grain moth, lessor grain moth, and red flour beetle and help in the production of earthworms by blocking the soil’s bacteria. The conducive method to make the soil fertile because of its voluminous advantages makes it the first choice for the farmers. Additionally, for reduction of nitrification, the neem cakes are used with urea and other fertilizers which contain nitrogen in them to increase the efficiency.